Prompted Rationality

Consortium Members

Mark Bovens 

Mark Bovens is Professor of Public Administration at Utrecht University. He was co-founder and research director (1999–2013) of the Utrecht University School of Governance, which ranks 3th worldwide in Public Administration in the 2020 Shanghai Ranking. From 2006–2012, he was an honorary Professor in the Department of Political Science at the Australian National University in Canberra. He is a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), the Royal Holland Society of Sciences and Humanities (KHMW), and the Council for Responsive Government. In 2013 he was the first Dutch scholar to be elected into the US National Academy of Public Administration. He has published 10 monographs and 11 edited volumes with top academic publishers (Oxford UP, Cambridge UP, Edward Elgar, and Amsterdam UP), as well as over a hundred articles and book chapters. As a member of the Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR), he was responsible for the highly influential report Why knowing what to do is not enough (2019), which applies behavioral insights to legal and social policy. In 2019, he received the Van de Spiegelprijs, the lifetime-achievement award of the Dutch Society for Public Administration.


Robert Dur 

Robert Dur is Professor of Economics at Erasmus University Rotterdam and research fellow at the Tinbergen Institute, the Centre for Economic Studies CESifo in Munich, and the Institute of Labour Economics IZA Think Tank in Bonn. He is academic partner in the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) and has held visiting professor positions at the universities of Bocconi, Munich, and Vienna. Since 2018, he has served as President of the Royal Dutch Economic Association. His research focuses on the question of how people’s lifetime decisions (such as educational or career choices) and day-to-day choices (such as consumption and savings) are affected by (non) monetary incentives. His research in behavioral economics, including large-scale field experiments together with private companies and public-sector organizations, has been published in top journals (American Economic Review, Economic Journal, Journal of Labor Economics, and Management Science). He received an NWO Innovation grant (2000) and has won several awards, including the Erasmus School of Economics Societal Impact Award in 2016. He serves on several Editorial Boards, including The Leadership Quarterly and the Journal of Behavioral Public Administration.


Janneke Gerards 

Janneke Gerards is Professor of Fundamental Rights Law at Utrecht University since 2016 and director of the Montaigne Research Centre for Rule of Law and Administration of Justice. She is also dean of the Legal Research Master. Her research focuses on conceptual fundamental rights issues, judicial argumentation, and the rule of law. The interrelation of the European Convention on Human Rights, EU law, and national law plays a central role in her research, which is published widely (inter)nationally. In 2006, she obtained a VIDI grant for her research into the interpretation of fundamental rights. She has also been awarded Open Competition and Research Talent grants from NWO. Gerards is deputy Judge in the Appeals Court of The Hague, member of the Human Rights Commission of the Dutch Advisory Council on International Affairs, the Social Science Council, and the Royal Holland Society of Sciences and Humanities (KMHW). Before she became a KNAW member (2015), Gerards was president of the KNAW Young Academy (2007–2010). She holds several editorial positions, including European Human Rights Cases.


Irene Klugkist 

Irene Klugkist is Professor of Methodology and Statistics of the Social and Behavioral Sciences at Utrecht University, where she also serves as Head of Department. She is an expert on applied Bayesian statistics, with special interest in Bayesian model selection and the use of prior knowledge in current study analyses. Part of her cum laude dissertation was a ground-breaking article on the use of Bayes factors in the social and behavioral sciences. This work was published in Psychological Methods, the leading journal in the field, where she currently serves as consulting editor. She has extensive experience with interdisciplinary research through collaboration with psychology, educational sciences, sociology, and epidemiology. In 2013, she received a VIDI grant that enabled her to develop Bayesian methods for the analysis of circular data such as encountered in eye tracking (saccade directions), criminology (temporal data), and personality research (circumplex data). Her current research focuses on eliciting and incorporating prior knowledge, Bayesian evidence synthesis, and the use of power priors.


Paul Leseman 

Paul Leseman is Professor of Educational Science at Utrecht University. Before, he was associate professor of education at the University of Amsterdam and KNAW fellow at Erasmus University Rotterdam. Leseman has been coordinator of the university-wide research focus area Education for Learning Societies (2011-2019). He is an internationally recognized expert on early childhood education, inclusive education, and educational inequality, with a strong interest in embodied-situated learning. He has received funding for multiple research projects with strategic relevance for (inter)national education policy, including two NWO-funded national cohort studies on the effects of early childhood and primary education on social equity, the impact of equity policy in education, and government-funded national child daycare and after-school programs quality monitoring. He has been the PI on the EU 7th Framework project CARE on the social and economic impact of early childhood education (2014–2016) and two EU Horizon2020 projects on inequality, exclusion, and segregation in education across Europe (2017–2019). He is member of several advisory committees to the Ministries of Education, Culture and Sciences, Public Health, Welfare and Sports, and Social Affairs and Employment, and scientific advisor to the Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories, to the European Commission on early childhood education, and to the OECD.


Barbara Vis 

Barbara Vis is Professor of Politics and Governance at Utrecht University. Before, she held the Fenna Diemer-Lindeboom Chair in Political Decision Making at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Vis is an internationally recognized expert in the areas of political decision making, comparative welfare state research, and qualitative comparative analysis. She has been awarded NWO’s VENI (2008) and VIDI (2012) grants for her research on risky decision-making by governments, politicians, and political parties on welfare state reform and other salient issues. She has also been involved in large international research consortia (e.g., the FP7 NEUJOBS program). She is an elected member of The Young Academy of the KNAW (2014–2019), the Royal Holland Society of Sciences and Humanities (KMHW), and the Social Sciences Council of the KNAW. Vis also holds several editorial positions including a senior associate editorship of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Political Decision-Making.


Valeria Gazzola

Valeria Gazzola is Head of the Social Brain Lab at the KNAW Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience and Associate Professor at the University of Amsterdam. She is a pioneer in the neural basis of empathy and embodied cognition. At the national level, Gazzola is part of GUTS ( where she explores how empathy influences the ability to grow up as a responsible member of society. Internationally, she collaborates within the European Research Area Network Coordinating National and Regional Funding for the Future and Emerging Technologies Flagships, investigating situated-embodied cognition. She also collaborates with leading empathy researchers at the universities of Vienna, Parma (where the mirror neurons have been discovered) and Stanford to investigate the neural basis of empathy, how it influences choice, and how to nudge people to empathy. Her research has been funded by prestigious personal grants, including NWO’s VENI, VIDI, and an ERC-StG from the European Research Council.  She is co-founder of the Centre for Ultrasound Brain imaging (CUBE) at Erasmus MC funded by NWO. Her papers have been published in top-ranked journals, including Neuron, Nature Review Neuroscience, PNAS and TICS, and are cited widely. Her international standing is evidenced by her election to the Young Academy of Europe.


Tine de Moor

Tine De Moor is Professor of Social Enterprise & Institutions for Collective Action at the Rotterdam School of Management since 2020. Before, she was Professor of Institutions for Collective Action in Historical Perspective at Utrecht University. She has been member of the Dutch Young Academy and the European Young Academy and board member (2008-2017), and president of the International Association for the Study of Commons (2015-2017). She has obtained a substantial number of grants, including ERC-StG (2009), NWO VIDI (2012) and VICI (2020). In this latter project, she aims to build a unified theory for the development and resilience of Institutions for Collective Action in Europe in the past millennium. She was co-applicant of the SCOOP Gravity grant (2017) and has been chair of the 16th IASC-biennial Commons Conference (2017). De Moor also acted as the first and main academic coordinator of the Future of Citizens-based Initiatives hub at Utrecht University (2018-2020). She is co-founder of the International Journal of the Commons, Affiliate of the Institutional Grammar Research Initiative (Syracuse University, USA, since 2019), and Affiliated Faculty Member at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin Workshop in Institutional Analysis of Social-Ecological Systems (since 2015).


Coen Teulings

Coen Teulings is Distinguished Professor at Utrecht University as of 2018. Before, he was professor of Economics at the University of Cambridge (2013-2019), the University of Amsterdam (2004-2017), and Erasmus University Rotterdam where he was director of the Tinbergen Institute (1998-2004). He was CEO of SEO Economic Research in Amsterdam (2004-2006). Teulings served seven years as president of the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB), an influential financial think-tank of the Dutch Government that evaluates of the platforms of political parties prior to general elections. He has been member of the REA, an independent Council of Economic Advisors for the House of Commons, and he chaired several committees, including the committee that framed new examination high school program economics. Teulings is fellow of the Tinbergen Institute, IZA (Bonn), CESifo (Munich), and CEPR (London). He writes a bi-weekly column in the Dutch Financieele Dagblad. His research on labor economics (minimum wages, returns to education and income inequality, job search, marriage markets in cities, and on returns to seniority) has been published in top journals like the Journal of Political Economy, the Review of Economic Studies, and Econometrica. In 2014, he edited an E-book on Secular Stagnation together with Richard Baldwin.


Godfried Engbersen

Godfried Engbersen is Professor of Sociology at Erasmus University Rotterdam. Previously, he has held academic positions at the universities of Leiden, Amsterdam, and Utrecht, and as visiting professor at the Centre of Western European Studies at the University of California. Engbersen is an internationally acknowledged scholar on issues of social inequality and has advised multiple national and international organizations. He is member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences (KNAW) and the Royal Holland Society of Sciences and Humanities (KHMW). He was the Dutch correspondent for the continuous Reporting System on Migration (SOPEMI) of OECD (2001-2013). In 2014, he was appointed member of the Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR). Since 2018, Engbersen is chairman of the Dutch Sociological Association (NSV). In the past decade, he has acquired substantial research grants from ZonMw, EUR Research Excellence Initiatives, the Norwegian Research Council, EU Joint Programming Initiative Urban Europe, NORFACE, and NWO/NICIS. His current research focuses on transnationalism; social inequality, citizen initiatives and the city; and the social impact of Covid-19. Engbersen directs the Erasmus knowledge atelier ‘Liveable neighbourhoods’ that studies citizen initiatives in the city of Rotterdam.


Jeroen de Ridder

Jeroen de Ridder is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Groningen (RUG). His research is in epistemology and philosophy of science, and focuses on how democratic societies can better harness the wisdom of crowds. His work has been published in leading international peer-reviewed philosophy journals. He is co-editor of several edited volumes that have appeared with Oxford UP, Springer, and Routledge, most recently the Routledge Handbook of Political Epistemology (with Michael Hannon, 2021). His research has been funded by NWO (VENI 2009, VIDI 2015, Open Competition Digitalization 2020) and, together with colleagues, he has received over 4M€ in funding from the Templeton World Charity Foundation since 2012. De Ridder was appointed a member of The Young Academy of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2017; he currently serves as its president.


Lambèr Royakkers

Lambèr Royakkers is Professor of Ethics of the Digital Society at Eindhoven University of Technology. His research focuses on the ethical and legal dilemmas in our digital society that have been leveraged by modern technology. From 2007 till 2012, he was Associate Professor Military Ethics at the Netherlands Defense Academy. Royakkers is the PI of the NWO-project ‘Strengthening cyber resilience by technological citizenship’, and ethics advisor of several EU FP-7 projects, including MAGNETO, TERRINet, and CHARMING. He has (co-)authored over ten books, including Ethics, Engineering and Technology (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), which is considered the leading textbook on engineering ethics, and Moral Responsibility and the Problem of Many Hands (Routledge 2015). Royakkers’ work on the relationship between digitization and public values was an important source of inspiration for many initiatives in policy, politics, and science, such as the Dutch digitization strategy (2018) and the Temporary Committee on the Digital Future of the House of Representatives (2019). He is co-editor of the Robotics & Automation Engineering Journal.


Pieter van Wesemael

Pieter van Wesemael is Professor of Urbanism and Urban Architecture at Eindhoven University of Technology. For two decades, he headed a consultancy firm in the field of urban design, area development, and spatial policy. This work was awarded with several prestigious awards including the European Design Award and tenders for key urban projects. As professor at TU/e, Van Wesemael has published on topics related to urban planning, healthy cities, active mobility, and community building through commons and place making. The focus of his research lies in how behavior can be shaped by the interplay of physical, socio-economic, and digital factors to achieve the UN sustainable development goals for a social inclusive, environmentally friendly, and economic resilient urban living environment. He is in charge of the TU/e Urban Lab and the innovation program Urban Development Initiative. Central to his work is the living lab methodology to translate research into innovations that contribute to the urban challenges facing society. Van Wesemael is member of several (inter)national networks and thinktanks on spatial planning and smart cities, including the Design & Government initiative at the Ministry of Internal Affairs.